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Saito M, Ueno M, Ogino S, Kubo K, Nagata J, Takeuchi M.
Garcinia (hydroxycitric acid)
Scientific Name(s): Garcinia cambogia (Gaertn.) Desr. Family: Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)
Common Name(s): Malabar tamarind , hydroxycitric acid ( HCA )
The medical literature primarily documents weight loss and lipid-lowering activity for the plant. However, trials supporting its use are limited.
The dosages of G. cambogia extract in clinical trials ranged from 1,500 to 4,667 mg/day (25 to 78 mg/kg/day). The equivalent hydroxycitric acid (HCA) dose in the trials ranged from 900 to 2,800 mg/day (15 to 47 mg/kg/day). G. cambogia is available in capsule or tablet form with a maximum dose of 1,500 mg/day.
- Q & A
Avoid use if there is a known allergy or hypersensitivity to any components of G. cambogia .
Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking.
The herb has documented drug interactions.
At least 15 clinical studies involving approximately 900 patients document very mild adverse reactions. Most adverse reactions included headache, dizziness, dry mouth, and GI complaints such as nausea and diarrhea.
Toxicology studies resulted in no toxicity or deaths in animals at dosages of HCA 5,000 mg/kg, equivalent to 350 g or 233 times the maximum dosage of 1.5 g/day of HCA. In patients taking certain combination weight-loss supplements containing G. cambogia , severe or even fatal hepatotoxicity may occur.
The genus Garcinia is mainly distributed in tropical regions and includes approximately 200 species. G. cambogia belongs to the family Guttiferae and is found in India, Malaysia, and Africa. G. cambogia is commonly found in evergreen or semievergreen forests of southwest India, where 36 other species have been documented. 1 , 2 The plant species has variability in its branching pattern, fruit color, shape, and size. 1 The tree is small-to-medium in size with drooping branches. The leaves are dark green and glossy, oval-shaped with a narrow end, 5 to 12 cm in length, and 2 to 7 cm around. The tree is tolerant to drought and flowers during the hot season. The yellow, orange, or red fruit ripens during the rainy season and contains HCA. It is ovoid in shape, 5 centimeters around, has 6 to 8 seeds, and is listed in the US Department of Agriculture inventory of perennial edible fruits. 2
Dried fruit rinds have been used extensively for centuries throughout Southeast Asia for culinary purposes as a condiment and flavoring agent in place of tamarind or lemon. Additional culinary uses include the flavoring of curries, meat, and seafood. The fruit extract has been used as a flavoring agent for beverages and gourmet spices, as well as a carminative, thereby helping to prevent the formation of gas in the GI tract after a meal. HCA and other organic acids from the dried rind combined with salt help lower pH and provide a bacteriostatic effect used in curing fish. The herb is considered beneficial for overall health in the traditional Ayurvedic medical system. Rheumatism and bowel complaints are treated with a decoction of the fruit rind. A rinse is used from the herbal extract in veterinary medicine for some diseases of the mouth in cattle. HCA has also become popular as an ingredient for weight loss. 2 , 3 , 4
HCA is the primary medicinal component contained in the fruit rinds of G. cambogia . 5 HCA is present as up to 30% by weight in the pericarp of G. cambogia fruit. 6 Xanthones, xanthone derivatives, and polyisoprenylated benzophenones have been isolated. 6 , 7 Some salts used in commercial products are water soluble and bioavailable, and are a good source of calcium (495 mg) and potassium (720 mg). 8 Studies also document interest in production of HCA by using microorganisms. 9 , 10
Uses and Pharmacology
The medical literature primarily documents research on the weight loss and lipid-lowering activity of the plant.
In vitro and animal data
In 2 experiments using the human hepatoma cell line HepG2, overnight exposure to G. cambogia extract caused an upregulation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor activity and an upregulation of the level of HMG-CoA reductase resulting in decreased cholesterol synthesis. 11 Flavonoids from the plant reduced lipid levels in normal and hypercholesterolemic rats. 7 Reductions were also documented in triglycerides, phospholipids, and free fatty acids. The mechanism of action for the flavonoids may involve: (1) reducing the rate of lipogenesis by reducing the activities of lipogenic enzymes, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and isocitrate dehydrogenase; and (2) increasing the rate of degradation of cholesterol leading to higher levels of hepatic and fecal bile acids, as well as neutral sterols in rats treated with the herb. While dexamethasone typically elevates lipid profiles, G. cambogia extract maintained normal lipid levels in rats administered dexamethasone. 12
In a 4-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 150 obese patients were treated with a dietary supplement ( G. cambogia extract 55 mg, chitosan 240 mg, and chrome 19 mg) together with a weight reduction regimen. Treatment groups administered the dietary supplement showed statistically significant dose-related reductions in weight, total and LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides, and improvement in high density lipoprotein cholesterol. 13
The suggested mechanism of action involves HCA-inhibiting lipogenesis, increasing lipid oxidation, and reducing food intake. 3 , 14
A study in obese rats found high doses of HCA-containing G. cambogia (154 mmol HCA/kg diet) effective in suppressing epididymal adipose tissue. This same study also found testicular atrophy and toxicity at dosages of 778 mg HCA/kg body weight/day (102 mmol HCA/kg diet) and higher. 4 Another study in rats administered a high-fat diet and a mixture of G. cambogia extract, soypeptide, and L-carnitine, led to a reduction in body weight and accumulation of visceral fat mass. 15 The mixture also improved blood and hepatic lipid concentrations or the induced dyslipidemia in the rats. Other combination products with G. cambogia are also effective in reducing weight gain and improving dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, hyperleptinemia, and fatty liver in mice. 16 The antiobesity effect involves modulation of several genes associated with visceral adipogenesis. One study in adult, nonobese cats found no effect on fat-free mass or energy expenditure. 17
In an 8-week randomized clinical trial, 40 patients were given either placebo or G. cambogia extract (500 mg/capsule) by mouth before each meal. Patients administered the extract exhibited weight loss and improvement in cholesterol and triglycerides when compared with the placebo group. 2
In a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 40 obese patients were treated with a combination supplement containing G. cambogia 50 mg as well as a 1,200 calorie diet per day. Two tablets of the supplement were taken by mouth 3 times a day after meals. The treatment group attained a 3.5 kg weight loss versus 1.2 kg on placebo, and a more than 85% reduction in fat loss in body composition measurements. The majority of the active group participants did not follow the diet regimen. 18
In a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group trial, 89 mildly overweight women were treated with a 1,200 kcal diet along with 2 caplets of G. cambogia 400 mg or matched placebo 3 times a day before each meal. At the end of the trial, both groups lost weight, but the treatment group achieved greater reduction in body weight. G. cambogia had no effect on appetitive variables. 14
Numerous studies document the safety profile of the calcium-potassium double salt of 60% HCA preparation (HCA-SX), as well as its bioavailability and efficacy in helping patients attain a healthy body weight. 3 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23
An 8-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study examined the efficacy of HCA-SX in 54 overweight patients. The treatment group was administered a combination supplement containing G. cambogia 500 mg 3 times a day while the control group received the placebo. All patients were asked to maintain a low-fat diet and drink 64 oz of water per day. The treatment group lost an average weight of 11.14 lb/person as compared with the control group, which lost an average of 4.2 lb/person. 19
Another 8-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study examined the efficacy of HCA in 60 obese patients. The dosage regimen for HCA was 400 mg 3 times a day before each meal. All patients were on a low-fat diet and also instructed to exercise 3 times a week. Results indicated weight loss for the experimental group compared with the placebo group and that 87% of the weight loss in the HCA group was because of fat loss. Appetite scores were also reduced in the HCA-treated group. 19
Visceral, subcutaneous, and total fat accumulation were reduced in 39 patients over 16 weeks in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.
The fact that customers are encouraged to take Garcinia Forte and Cleanse Plus together is an advantage within itself.
The dosage regimen included HCA 1,000 mg/day versus placebo. At the end of the treatment, both groups were administered placebo for 4 weeks and no rebound effect was documented. 24
Another clinical study documented that treatment with HCA failed to produce weight change and fat mass change in patients. 25 However, the design of the clinical trial, the lack of bioavailability, and dosage of HCA used have been criticized. 2
Other pharmacologic activity
Some studies found that supplementation with G. cambogia can reduce oxidative damage. 26
The fruit contains xanthones, which inhibit pre-neoplastic lesions in mammary and colon cancer. The xanthones may also induce apoptosis in mouth, leukemia, breast, gastric, and lung cancer cell lines in vitro. 27
Glucose metabolism may be improved by lowering serum insulin levels in mice treated with G. cambogia . Leptin is a hormone associated with appetite control. G. cambogia may have leptin-like activity as mice treated with G. cambogia had decreased serum leptin levels and a reduced leptin/white adipose tissue ratio. 28 HCA treatment delayed and reduced intestinal glucose absorption in rats; the treatment causes delayed intestinal absorption of glucose rather than delayed gastric emptying. 29
HCA promoted lipid oxidation and reduced carbohydrate use in mice at rest and during running. 30 The utilization of respiratory gases was reduced for mice treated with HCA at rest and during exercise. Some studies on herbal coffee supplements with HCA showed an increase in resting energy expenditure to enhance metabolic rates and promote weight and fat loss. 31 , 32
Antiulcer activity was observed against induced gastric mucosal injury in rats with pretreatment of G. cambogia extract that decreased volume and acidity of gastric juice. 33 A similar study in rats found activity against indomethacin-induced gastric ulcers. 34 The anti-inflammatory activity of G. cambogia protected against induced colitis in rats. 35
Red blood cell count
A G. cambogia extract caused an increase in the red blood cell (RBC) count in rat tissue. The activity may be (1) associated with the iron in G. cambogia , as iron is an erythropoietic agent; (2) antioxidant activity and may decrease the rate of oxidant-induced hemolysis, which increases the life span of the RBC; or (3) the content of bioflavonoids in the plant, which may increase the level of peripheral testosterone, which can stimulate erythropoiesis in humans. 36
The dosages of G. cambogia extract in clinical trials ranged from 1,500 to 4,667 mg/day (25 to 78 mg/kg/day). The equivalent HCA dose in the trials ranged from 900 to 2,800 mg/day (15 to 47 mg/kg/day). 2 , 14 , 18 , 19 , 23 , 24 , 25 G. cambogia is available in capsule or tablet form with a maximum dose of 1,500 mg/day.
Due to lack of clinical and scientific information, use should be avoided during pregnancy and lactation. One animal study in rats documented decreased maternal body weight gain during gestation. 37
In patients taking medications for diabetes by mouth or insulin, G. cambogia may lower blood sugar levels. 28 , 29
G. cambogia contains iron and thus may have additive adverse reactions for patients taking medications for anemia. 36
Potassium and calcium supplements
Some commercial G. cambogia products contain adequate amounts of potassium and calcium. 8 Caution is advised for patients taking medications for heart disease, high blood pressure, or arrhythmia while supplementing with any product containing this herb.
A mouse study using a commercial polyherbal product containing G. cambogia found a potential serotonergic effect on food intake. Caution is advised for patients being treated for pain or taking medications for any psychiatric condition. 38
Singulair (or leukotriene receptor antagonists)
One case report documented fatal liver failure in a patient taking Singulair and 2 dietary supplements, one of which included G. cambogia and citrus derivatives. 39
A case report of rhabdomyolysisis is documented in a patient taking a combination herbal medicine containing G. cambogia . 40
In one case report, the international normalized ratio of a patient returned to normal after he stopped taking a combination herbal product containing G. cambogia . 41
A total of 15 clinical studies involving approximately 900 patients documented very mild adverse reactions. Most adverse reactions included headache, dizziness, dry mouth, and GI complaints such as nausea and diarrhea. 2 , 42
Toxicology studies resulted in no toxicity or deaths in animals at HCA dosages of 5,000 mg/kg, equivalent to 350 g or 233 times the maximum dose of 1.5 g/day of HCA. 5 In patients taking certain combination weight-loss supplements containing G. cambogia , severe or even fatal hepatotoxicity may occur. 43 , 44 Some animal studies document testicular toxicity, 4 , 45 while other studies do not. 46 , 47
No unusual electrocardiographic effects (QTc interval or other electrocardiograph variables) were seen over 5 hours in patients taking half the recommended dose of a multicomponent weight loss supplement containing G. cambogia . 48 Patients receiving G. cambogia extract (1,667.3 mg/kg equivalent to 1,000 mg HCA/day) for 12 weeks exhibited no reproductive toxicity on serum testosterone, estrone, and estradiol levels. 49
2. Soni MG, Burdock GA, Preuss HG, Stohs SJ, Ohia SE, Bagchi D. Safety assessment of (-)-hydroxycitric acid and Super CitriMax, a novel calcium/potassium salt. Food Chem Toxicol . 2004;42(9):1513-1529.
3. Ohia SE, Opere CA, LeDay AM, Bagchi M, Bagchi D, Stohs SJ. Safety and mechanism of appetite suppression by a novel hydroxycitric acid extract (HCA-SX). Mol Cell Biochem . 2002;238(1-2):89-103.
4. Saito M, Ueno M, Ogino S, Kubo K, Nagata J, Takeuchi M. High dose of Garcinia cambogia is effective in suppressing fat accumulation in developing male Zucker obese rats, but highly toxic to the testis. Food Chem Toxicol . 2005;43(3):411-419.
5. Jena BS, Jayaprakasha GK, Singh RP, Sakariah KK. Chemistry and biochemistry of (-)-hydroxycitric acid from Garcinia . J Agric Food Chem . 2002;50(1):10-22.
6. Masullo M, Bassarello C, Suzuki H, Pizza C, Piacente S. Polyisoprenylated benzophenones and an unusual polyisoprenylated tetracyclic xanthone from the fruits of Garcinia cambogia . J Agric Food Chem . 2008;56(13):5205-5210.
7. Koshy AS, Anila L, Vijayalakshmi NR. Flavonoids from Garcinia cambogia lower lipid levels in hypercholesterolemic rats. Food Chem . 2001;72(3):289-294.
8. Downs BW, Bagchi M, Subbaraju GV, Shara MA, Preuss HG, Bagchi D. Bioefficacy of a novel calcium-potassium salt of (-)-hydroxycitric acid. Mutat Res . 2005;579(1-2):149-162.
9. Hida H, Yamada T, Yamada Y. Production of hydroxycitric acid by microorganisms. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem . 2005;69(8):1555-1561.
10. Yamada T, Hida H, Yamada Y. Chemistry, physiological properties, and microbial production of hydroxycitric acid. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol . 2007;75(5):977-982.
11. Berkhout TA, Havekes LM, Pearce NJ, Groot PH. The effect of (-)-hydroxycitrate on the activity of the low-density-lipoprotein receptor and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase levels in the human hepatoma cell line Hep G2. Biochem J . 1990;272(1):181-186.
12. Mahendran P, Devi CS. Effect of Garcinia cambogia extract on lipids and lipoprotein composition in dexamethasone administered rats. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol . 2001;45(3):345-350.
13. Girola M, De Bernardi M, Contos S, et al. Dose effect in lipid-lowering activity of a new dietary integrator (chitosan), Garcinia combogia extract and chrome. Acta Toxicol Ther . 1996;17(1):25-40.
14. Mattes RD, Bormann L. Effects of (-)-hydroxycitric acid on appetitive variables. Physiol Behav . 2000;71(1-2):87-94.
15. Kim YJ, Kim KY, Kim MS, Lee JH, Lee KP, Park T. A mixture of the aqueous extract of Garcinia cambogia , soy peptide and L: -carnitine reduces the accumulation of visceral fat mass in rats rendered obese by a high fat diet. Genes Nutr . 2008;2(4):353-358.
16. Kim KY, Lee HN, Kim YJ, Park T. Garcinia cambogia extract ameliorates visceral adiposity in C57BL/6J mice fed on a high-fat diet. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem . 2008;72(7):1772-1780.
17. Leray V, Dumon H, Martin L, et al. No effect of conjugated linoleic acid or Garcinia cambogia on fat-free mass, and energy expenditure in normal cats.
Selecting pure form of the extract can reduce these adverse side effects.
This is how you ensure that you will are getting a quality product that will actually have the most positive effects on your body.
J Nutr . 2006;136(suppl 7):1982S-1984S.
18. Thom E. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a new weight-reducing agent of natural origin. J Int Med Res . 2000;28(5):229-233.
19. Lau FC, Bagchi M, Sen C, Roy S, Bagchi D. Nutrigenomic analysis of diet-gene interactions on functional supplements for weight management. Curr Genomics . 2008;9(4):239-251.
20. Talpur N, Echard BW, Yasmin T, Bagchi D, Preuss HG. Effects of niacin-bound chromium, Maitake mushroom fraction SX and (-)-hydroxycitric acid on the metabolic syndrome in aged diabetic Zucker fatty rats. Mol Cell Biochem . 2003;252(1-2):369-377.
21. Bagchi D, Deshmukh NS, Soni MG, Bagchi M. Safety of a novel calcium/potassium salt of (-)-hydroxycitric acid: I. Two generation reproduction toxicity study. Toxicol Lett . 2007;172(suppl 1):S190.
22. Asghar M, Monjok E, Kouamou G, Ohia SE, Bagchi D, Lokhandwala MF. Super CitriMax (HCA-SX) attenuates increases in oxidative stress, inflammation, insulin resistance, and body weight in developing obese Zucker rats. Mol Cell Biochem . 2007;304(1-2):93-99.
23. Preuss HG, Rao CV, Garis R, et al. An overview of the safety and efficacy of a novel, natural(-)-hydroxycitric acid extract (HCA-SX) for weight management. J Med . 2004;35(1-6):33-48.
24. Hayamizu K, Ishii Y, Kaneko I, et al. Effects of Garcinia cambogia (hydroxycitric acid) on visceral fat accumulation: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. CurrTher Res Clin Exp . 2003;64(8):551-567.
25. Heymsfield SB, Allison DB, Vasselli JR, Pietrobelli A, Greenfield D, Nunez C. Garcinia cambogia (hydroxycitric acid) as a potential antiobesity agent: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA . 1998;280(18):1596-1600.
26. Yonei Y, Takahashi Y, Hibino S, Watanabe M, Yoshioka T. Effects on the human body of a dietary supplement containing L-carnitine and Garcinia cambogia extract: a study using double-blind tests. J Clin Biochem Nutr . 2008;42(2):89-103.
27. Mazzio EA, Soliman KF. In vitro screening for the tumoricidal properties of international medicinal herbs. Phytother Res . 2009;23(3):385-398.
28. Hayamizu K, Hirakawa H, Oikawa D, et al. Effect of Garcinia cambogia extract on serum leptin and insulin in mice. Fitoterapia . 2003;74(3):267-273.
29. Wielinga PY, Wachters-Hagedoorn RE, Bouter B, et al. Hydroxycitric acid delays intestinal glucose absorption in rats. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol . 2005;288(6):G1144-G1149.
30. Ishihara K, Oyaizu S, Onuki K, Lim K, Fushiki T. Chronic (-)-hydroxycitrate administration spares carbohydrate utilization and promotes lipid oxidation during exercise in mice. J Nutr . 2000;130(12):2990-2995.
31. Hoffman JR, Kang J, Ratamess NA, Jennings PF, Mangine G, Faigenbaum AD. Thermogenic effect from nutritionally enriched coffee consumption. J Int Soc Sports Nutr . 2006;3:35-41.
32. Taylor LW, Wilborn CD, Harvey T, Wismann J, Willoughby DS. Acute effects of ingesting Java Fittrade mark energy extreme functional coffee on resting energy expenditure and hemodynamic responses in male and female coffee drinkers. J Int Soc Sports Nutr . 2007;4:10.
33. Mahendran P, Sabitha KE, Devi CS. Prevention of HCl-ethanol induced gastric mucosal injury in rats by Garcinia cambogia extract and its possible mechanism of action. Indian J Exp Biol . 2002;40(1):58-62.
34. Mahendran P, Vanisree AJ, Shyamala Devi CS. The antiulcer activity of Garcinia cambogia extract against indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats. Phytother Res . 2002;16(1):80-83.
35. dos Reis SB, de Oliveira CC, Acedo SC, et al. Attenuation of colitis injury in rats using Garcinia cambogia extract. Phytother Res . 2009;23(3):324-329.
36. Oluyemi KA, Omotuyi IO, Jimoh OR, Adesanya OA, Saalu CL, Josiah SJ. Erythropoietic and anti-obesity effects of Garcinia cambogia (bitter kola) in Wistar rats. Biotechnol Appl Biochem . 2007;46(pt 1):69-72.
37. Deshmukh NS, Bagchi M, Yasmin T, Bagchi D. Safety of a novel calcium/potassium salt of (-) hydroxycitric acid (HCA-SX): II. Developmental toxicity study in rats. Toxicol Mech Methods . 2008;18(5):443-451.
38. Kaur G, Kulkarni SK. Investigations on possible serotonergic involvement in effects of OB-200G (polyherbal preparation) on food intake in female mice. Eur J Nutr . 2001;40(3):127-133.
39. Actis GC, Bugianesi E, Ottobrelli A, Rizzetto M. Fatal liver failure following food supplements during chronic treatment with montelukast. Dig Liver Dis . 2007;39(10):953-955.
40. Mansi IA, Huang J. Rhabdomyolysis in response to weight-loss herbal medicine. [Published correction appears in: Am J Med Sci . 2004;328(2):129.] Am J Med Sci . 2004;327(6):356-357.
41. Ferris DJ. Interaction between warfarin and Garcinia cambogia (Fat Burner); a case report. ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting . 38(DEC): p P-404(D). 2003.
42. Pittler MH, Schmidt K, Ernst E. Adverse events of herbal food supplements for body weight reduction: systematic review. Obes Rev . 2005;6(2):93-111.
43. Shim M, Saab S. Severe hepatotoxicity due to Hydroxycut: a case report. Dig Dis Sci . 2009;54(2):406-408.
44. Lobb A. Hepatoxicity associated with weight-loss supplements: a case for better post-marketing surveillance. World J Gastroenterol . 2009;15(14):1786-1787.
45. Anno T, Oono H, Tamura K. Improvement of testicular toxicity in F/344DuCrj male rats fed Ca-type Garcinia cambogia extract by zinc supplemented diets. Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Gakkaishi . 2005;12(3):121-127.
46. Shara M, Ohia SE, Yasmin T, et al. Dose- and time-dependent effects of a novel (-)-hydroxycitric acid extract on body weight, hepatic and testicular lipid peroxidation, DNA fragmentation and histopathological data over a period of 90 days. Mol Cell Biochem . 2003;254(1-2):339-346.
47. Burdock G, Soni M, Bagchi M, Bagchi D. Garcinia cambogia toxicity is misleading. [Published correction appears in: Food Chem Toxicol . 2007;45(3):515.] Food Chem Toxicol . 2005;43(11):1683-1684; author reply 1685-1686.
48. Min B, McBride BF, Kardas MJ, et al. Electrocardiographic effects of an ephedra-free, multicomponent weight-loss supplement in healthy volunteers. Pharmacotherapy . 2005;25(5):654-659.
49. Hayamizu K, Tomi H, Kaneko I, Shen M, Soni MG, Yoshino G. Effects of Garcinia cambogia extract on serum sex hormones in overweight subjects. Fitoterapia . 2008;79(4):255-261.
Copyright © 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health
Compare garcinia cambogia products
Find Out Now If Yours Passed!
Brands compared in report
- Absolute Garcinia Cambogia
- Bio Nutrition Garcinia Cambogia
- Futurebiotics Garcinia Cambogia
- Garcinia Cambogia Select
- Garcinia Cambogia XT
- Genesis Today Garcinia Cambogia
- Healthy Clip Pure Garcinia Rapid
- Jarrow Formulas HCActive
- Labrada Nutrition Garcinia Cambogia
- Miracle Garcinia Cambogia
- Molecular Research Labs Pure Garcinia Cambogia
- NatureвЂ™s Plus Citrimax
- NutriGold Garcinia Cambogia Gold
- Nutritional Sciences Garcinia Lean
- Pure Health Garcinia Cambogia
- Puritan's Pride Super Citrimax
- Vitamin Shoppe Garcinia Cambogia Extract
- Vitamin World Super Citrimax
Isn't your health worth it?
More about this report
- Which Garcinia cambogia supplements failed testing and which passed
- The evidence for and against Garcinia for weight loss
- How Garcinia supplements compare on ingredients, dosage, amounts of HCA, and cost
- Dosage used for weight loss and the best way to take Garcinia
- Concerns, cautions, drug interactions, and potential side-effects of Garcinia cambogia supplements -- including possible mania in predisposed individuals and toxicity when used with antidepressant drugs
(4/30/14): Results for one of the products in this report were featured on the The Dr. Oz Show and was helpful in getting that product removed from the market. The product was also using Dr. Oz's name without his permission.
(12/6/13): The distributor of one of the products reported in this review to contain less HCA than listed, notified CL that its own recent tests of the product showed it to contain the amount listed on its label and, per CL's policy, asked that the product be retested. Retesting confirmed the problem found by CL and showed an even lower amount of HCA than orginally reported.
Everybody calls you fat, chubby and sometimes cute as well but you want to listen to one word that is beautiful right?
For more details, see the Update in the full Review and a news release.
Compare garcinia cambogia products
Many of us here at the Jefferson Institute simply have one plan: to make life as easy as possible for everybody involved. If you are somebody who has been thinking about coming up with a new life for yourself, make sure you do it wisely with all of our nutritional concepts. The institute simply loves it- because we are Jefferson.
Amaranth is great for this especially if you use the seeds in your diet.
The Art of Weight Loss with Garcinia Cambogia(Before And After Photos)
Weight loss is often a controversial topic. It stirs up very powerful feelings from many people, especially the ones who were once overweight and experienced what it was like to be trapped in the cycle. Let’s all admit it, losing weight is never easy.
Many people are complaining about a lack of nutrients in these products, but most of their claims are unfounded.
It is why a lot of the heavyweights out there either quit or fail. The most trusted solution in losing weight is to cut back on your food intake done alongside a very strict exercise regimen. Unfortunately, not all of us have an iron will and the commitment to put in long hours of doing rigorous exercise and passing on desserts.
The entire point is to compare it to Hydroxycut, however, which the Jefferson Institute really doesn’t like doing(ever).
You really have to study this stuff all the time in order to understand it.
Weight Loss Pills That Work
If you have tried the long way but failed, there is something else you can do. Lose weight with class by taking the Garcinia Cambogia pill. Unlike other diet pills that stimulate your colon, so you end up spending long hours in the bathroom, Garcinia Cambogia works differently. It works directly on your body fats, effectively melting and burning them apart from preventing the storage of new ones. As a result, you need not always be stinky to look good.
Just pop the pill three times a day and wait for the rich Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) supply to work.
There are many different ways to go about this, however.
Many people compare exercise to an activity that you don’t want to do.
That is why we researched these diet pills that actually do work if you give them a chance.
They really are an all around god-send in terms of effectiveness.
Aside from being a fat buster, Garcinia Cambogia likewise increases the supply of serotonin levels in the brain resulting to higher satiety levels and a curbed appetite. Overeating will no longer frustrate you and lead you back, time and again, to square one. And because there’s plenty of serotonin up in your head, it brings about a better mood and disposition. You need not fill your mind with thoughts of food all the time to cope with life’s stresses.
If you are fed up of being a weight loss failure, it’s time you give Garcinia Cambogia a try and be one of the countless satisfied users who were able to transform their lives for the better with the help of this powerful pill.
Many years ago, when the whole world was still oblivious to the existence of Garcinia Cambogia, there was the Malabar tamarind. This amazing tree fruit resembling a pumpkin has been used in cooking to make dishes taste sour. Aside from that, it was also used as an effective tummy remedy for people suffering from a tummy ache. It is an endemic fruit to many Southeast Asian and African countries, especially Malaysia and India. But over time, natives to these countries started to notice that those who always consumed or take Malabar tamarind also began losing weight. That’s when this ordinary fruit captured the attention of scientists to conduct a research on its weight loss properties.
Their studies proved to be a success and Garcinia Cambogia was introduced to the whole world as the “holy grail of weight loss.” They found out that the Malabar tamarind was rich in hydroxycitric acid or HCA. It is the component responsible for realizing weight loss on people, and also became the main active ingredient of the pill. From then on, people who have been struggling with weight issues can now lose weight conveniently without having to do anything at all, just simply take the recommended dosage of the supplement. Garcinia Cambogia became an effective tool in burning fats and suppressing a person’s appetite without leaving them hungry or lacking in energy for the day.
The Garcinia Cambogia that we know today is the most popular diet supplement out in the market. People from all walks of life have enjoyed real weight loss results because of it. And this wonder pill does not show any signs of slowing down since it remains to be the bestseller of all. It even achieved the status of becoming a household name. It’s how big Garcinia Cambogia has become. But the real secret to its success lies with the Malabar tamarind.
Having excess fats makes people look fat. Layer after layer of this annoying grease covers your entire body, even your internal organs. Too much fats in the body does not only have a negative effect on your appearance, but compromises your health and wellbeing as well. All of us don’t want to be fat. However, some people appears to be predisposed to having lots of it and have a hard time in getting rid of it too. Too bad for them because most likely, they’re also the very same people who have been spending all their time and fortune in looking for ways to lose weight for real.
By now, we all know how fats damage our body. Today is always the best time to act on it and start to become an effective fat burner machine. After having tried all the weight loss trends that has flocked the market, taking the Garcinia Cambogia supplement will prove to you that you can finally say goodbye to all your stubborn body fats for good without exerting any extraneous effort at all. Garcinia Cambogia takes pride in being an excellent fat buster and appetite suppressant. To get rid of fats, Garcinia Cambogia directs all its efforts in burning fat and preventing your body in storing more of it. And because it curbs your appetite, your body will tap existing fat stores with any additional demand for energy and not make you eat more. The increase in happy hormones also help a lot because it not only increases your satiety level but improves your mood too. You already feel better about yourself and no longer wallowing about your heavy physique.
Garcinia Cambogia In New Zealand: Details
Are you considering surgery to help you lose excess body fat? Are you ready for all the complications that can go along with weight loss surgical intervention? Before you make that commitment to go under the knife you should look in to a dietary supplement called Garcinia Cambogia. Be sure to check out www.trygarciniacambogia.co.nz for even better tips!
Garcinia Cambogia is a viable alternative(http://www.livestrong.com/article/153741-vitamins-to-help-lose-weight-boost-the-metabolism/) to surgery when it comes to losing weight. Having too much fat on your body can actually hurt physically and it is understandable that you might want to look at surgery as a quick fix. Unfortunately the side effects of most types of weight loss surgery can be long standing, even permanent. Is that how you want to spend the rest of your life? Aside from visible physical scars many people find surgery leaves them never being able to digest foods properly, resulting in uncomfortable visits to the bathroom.
Garcinia Cambogia from http://www.doctoroz.com/slideshow/vitamin-essentials offers a strong alternative to permanent weight loss, permanent fat loss, without severe side effects. Concentrating on eating a healthy diet, with at least three meals a day, and including Garcinia Cambogia it will not take long to see dramatic results. This supplement will also help reduce cravings so you will snack less. You will burn fat effectively from all parts of your body at the same time. Simple exercise can help you stay fit and tone, tightening up areas that may have been stretched by too much fat. This is why Amaranth is so great.
Surgery for weight loss can leave both physical and mental scars and it is not always the only best choice for getting rid of excess body fat. Too much fat can lead to serious health problems but so to can surgery. It is worth trying this supplement that so many others have used with great success. Talk to your doctor about it first before any surgery.
It’s Friday night and you’re heading out to the movies with friends. You have waited with great anticipation for this new movie to arrive; it’s going to be the perfect start to the perfect weekend.
Below, we’ll see if any of those health benefits come with real scientific evidence.
At the counter you order your ticket and the smell of fresh popcorn gets your taste buds watering. Wait, you’re on a diet you tell yourself. Should you have that popcorn and a drink to wash it down? Suddenly your perfect start to the weekend seems to be fading. Don’t let this happen to you. If you have included Garcinia Cambogia in your diet plan you can enjoy that popcorn.
Why should a night out with friends be ruined because you are afraid to treat yourself to a simple food because it might make you fat? You need food of course to live and you should not have to ever deny yourself. Making healthy choices including keeping treats to a minimum helps, but treats should be allowed none the less. Garcinia Cambogia can help you feel less stressed about treating yourself.
Garcinia Cambogia, because of its fat burning properties, allows you the luxury to treat yourself on those occasions where you would rather not have to worry if what you are eating will make you put on excess pounds. Yes it is important that you make healthy food choices but treating yourself to fun foods should still be a fun and acceptable activity. Celebrations should include good food, even fun food with little to no real nutritional value.
A night at the movies just seems to be made better by munching on a reasonable size of popcorn and a beverage to wash it down. Don’t deny yourself a little freedom with your diet; include Garcinia Cambogia in your journey of fun and friendship and life.
Amaranth can be used for a lot of purposes like this.
Garcinia Cambogia supplements and their importance
Do you feel sluggish and bloated? Are you tired all the time? Do you get out of breath just climbing the stairs? All these things point towards obesity and an unhealthy way of life. We should all be able to climb the stairs and not even feel it, but for most of us, that doesn’t happen. When you are carrying excess weight, daily tasks become difficult and sometimes, they are even too great a challenge to overcome. You might find that you stay on your couch in your work clothes for an entire evening because going upstairs to get showered and changed leaves you breathless and feeling rotten.
You can change this. Its easy with garcinia cambogia, simply take it and lose weight. You really can. You just need a little support and that’s where Garcinia Cambogia comes in. It is a natural weight loss aid made from fruit that will help you shed your excess pounds. You will begin to feel better and be more active in no time Garcinia Cambogia is scientifically proven to support weight loss. It will enable you to get going on your weight loss journey. Combine it with a healthy diet containing plenty of fruit and vegetables and as little fried food as possible and with gentle exercise, and you will see yourself looking better in that mirror every morning.
As you exercise more and eat more healthily, Garcinia Cambogia will work harder to burn off fat and to increase your metabolism. It will help you achieve your weight loss goals without you having to dedicate your whole day to the efforts. Start out small with just a few pounds per week, and as you lose more and more weight, you can increase those weekly weigh in targets. Garcinia Cambogia will continue to work to help you lose more weight than exercise and diet alone.
The greatest weight loss myth is that if you eat less you will lose weight. Although this does work to a certain extent, as in, at first, you will lose weight, slowly, your body adjust to the new calorie intake and goes into starvation mode. It convinces itself that you need to stock up as food is scarce, a throwback to our time as cavemen. What it will do is stockpile fat and sugars to keep it going in times of need, and so in fact, you will put on weight.
The best way to avoid this is to burn off more calories than you eat. On a diet, you should be aiming to eat around one thousand six hundred calories, and trying to burn off around four hundred calories each day. This can be really challenging, particularly if you have a busy lifestyle and getting to the gym is not one of your priorities. This is where Garcinia Cambogia can help you. It is a diet supplement that works to burn fat and increase your metabolism.
Where as in a normal day, you might use two hundred and fifty calories just through your usual commute to work and darting about the office, Garcinia Cambogia will make that small amount of exercise work harder for you and so will enable you to lose weight more easily. Now just by walking to work or through the park, you will lose a lot more calories than before, making any extra exercise unnecessary.
It has been scientifically proven that Garcinia Cambogia aids weight loss and there are millions of people all over the world who swear by it. And because Garcinia Cambogia is made from natural properties, you are less likely to get an adverse reaction to it unlike chemically designed weight loss supplements.
NEW WEIGHT LOSS PILL UPDATE: Garcinia Cambogia Is Canada’s Favorite Supplement
When Pure Garcinia Cambogia supplements reduce belly fat, there will be that much less strain on your heart. Those with big bellies cannot normally run very fast or very far without becoming winded.
Many such diet medications have been abused in the past.
Their lungs are not the problem.
Many people have been talking about these new weight loss pills because of their proven health benefits.
Their heart is the problem. It tires from having to carry too much, too far, and too quickly. Exercising the heart can be a good thing, but straining it or overworking it is not, and that is what having a big belly can do.
Here Are Some Of The Common Sizes:
An excess of belly fat is not flattering, nor is it healthy, and it can be downright dangerous.
Although losing fat too quickly is not always a good practice, you still want to lose belly fat, or at least an excessive amount of it, as fast as you can, which is why it may be a good idea to give Garcinia extract a try. Try it for at least a month to see what can happen.
You may find dieting a very boring routine. Indeed it is tough for most people. In general, people don’t see instant results and they will start to doubt themselves. It is only normal for people to that. They do not know the secrets of dieting and that is why they are struggling to lose weight. As with anything else in life, dieting in the correct way will lead to quick and effective results.
For example, most dieters who have failed to lose weight quickly do not take any supplements. What they do not realize is that supplements significantly help with losing fat. Garcinia Cambogia is perhaps the best fat-buster in today’s world. It is so effective that dieters are giving it so many positive reviews.
GC helps you in burning extra fat in your body. Basically, that means all the excess weight will be used up and you will achieve a leaner and perfect body. It does so by increasing your metabolism rate. By increasing your metabolism rate, your body’s calorie expenditure will be higher than normal and will burn more fat in the process.
Consuming organic food obviously does good to our body, not just with the nutrients and fiber it contains, but of what it does not contain, like chemicals, pesticides and other additives. Unknowingly, we are harming our body in our attempt to eat better.
Unfortunately for some, organic also spells out expensive, or not that easily accessible. Fresh fruit and veggies also has a shorter shelf life, which affects some people’s decision making when doing their groceries. Some prefer to be practical, even though they know that what they are eating can be harmful to them and their family in the long run.
So, when eating right is not that feasible for you as you try to lose weight, other options are still up for grab. Diet supplements are convenient for all. Diet pills like Garcinia Cambogia, is a practical choice for most weight loss fanatics because it is backed up by years and years of research, and a long list of successful stories from its previous users. Garcinia Cambogia’s main ingredient, hydroxycitric acid (HCA), can assure you to burn your fats and curb your appetite at a reasonable amount.
The consumption of Garcinia Cambogia has also been cited as safe for the public because it is all-natural. Most Garcinia Cambogia brands are pure extracts and does not contain fillers. It makes you feel good knowing that you are not only making an effort to boost your confidence by looking great, but also by taking better care of your body to prevent getting seriously sick and to be there for your family for years to come.
It is common knowledge that trying to lose weight can be stressful for many.
Preuss’s study involved 30 “healthy but overweight people” between the ages of 21 and 50.
You go through so many changes, that it can mess with your emotions. Almost all of the time, you want to keep on doing something, because you feel like doing nothing is being lazy, which is the reason why you are fat in the first place.
Not all the time, you have to be so pumped-up and always want to get going and get things done. When you are facing such a challenging task, it is acceptable to chill and relax at times too. It will give you time to evaluate your progress, re-evaluate your goals and plans, and just plainly relax and unwind. Free yourself from stress and worries from time to time. You are only human and deserves to rest too.
But then, you can still actually keep up with your weight loss efforts even when you are laying low and relaxing, with the use of diet supplements. Garcinia Cambogia achieved the honor of being named as the holy grail of weight loss. A famous health and wellness guru, who has his own popular television show, unabashedly proclaimed his profound respect and awe to the magic brought about by Garcinia Cambogia. He strongly vouches that the right use of Garcinia Cambogia will not only transform your body, but your life as well.
Garcinia Cambogia is packed with hydroxycitric acid, (HCA), found in the rind of the Garcinia fruit. HCA is responsible not only for the dual action of the pill at burning fats and suppressing your appetite, but in increasing your serotonin levels too, and controlling your cholesterol and blood sugar levels as well. With this in mind, your worries will be appeased and you will be comforted by the fact that safe and surely no effort weight loss is achievable with this miraculous diet pill around and at your disposal.
The Science Behind Of New Zealand’s Garcinia Cambogia Extract
It might seem like a no-brainer, but eating less is surely the best way to avoid excessive weight gain. If you eat less, your body will be able to use everything to fuel and energize you, and leave no more room for extras for storage. But we all love to eat. Who doesn’t, right? Over the years, eating has evolved to become a past time and stress reliever. With the amount of work and stress we face each day, we strongly feel that we deserve that second helping of food, or overindulge with your favorite treat.
For some, eating is a way for them to feel better. You might not be able to please everybody, but you definitely feel better once you eat your sweet fix. Weight loss is not easy to pull-off. So, if you want to spare yourself from all these troubles, manage your weight and control your cravings.
If you are already in deep trouble, which means your weight is highly controversial, then you must start taking action to lose all that is excess off your body. If you do not have the time to prepare healthy and nutritious meals, or hit the gym for a workout session with your trainer, the next best thing then is to take diet pills.
Garcinia Cambogia will not leave you hanging. It will take care of your excess weight issues, and let you relax while it does all the hard work. Garcinia Cambogia is even highly-promoted by a famous health and wellness guru as the holy grail of weight loss. Surely, Garcinia Cambogia is that superior and powerful to get his thumb of approval.
For years to come, Garcinia Cambogia would still always be there to lighten up your load. Many obese people would forever be thankful for the miracle pill that is Garcinia.
Do not be overwhelmed by everything outside your control. You are not a superhero who has magical powers, and a great script and costume to go along with it too. You have your limitations, so you must learn to accept it. Take better care of your body. It is the only thing that will stick with you for the rest of your life.
Do not neglect yourself and your health. How can you cope with the challenges posed by weight loss if you are not in your best condition? Be your number one fan. Learn to motivate yourself in the face of challenges. Nothing is solved overnight. And there are plenty of ways that you can take to get to your goal. Do not limit yourself, instead, explore all possibilities.
Keeping up with your weight control plan can be a challenge but if you add weight loss pills to your plan you may have a much easier time. Weight loss pills that are all natural will not really effect how you feel as far as making you feel jittery or nervous. Diet pills can actually help to improve your mood. Diet supplements are the perfect additive for a busy stay at home mom’s diet. They are the solution for anyone that wants to get in shape or stay in shape but is short on free time.
There is nothing worse than not feeling good about yourself. It can affect every area of your life. Of course if you are a young parent it will also affect how you parent. You want your children to enjoy their time with you whether that time is spent at home in the yard or on the playground at the park you want to be able to keep up and feel good about yourself. Being overweight can surely be a way to not feel good about yourself but more so it can keep you from having the energy that you need to keep up with the kids.
When you are overweight your body just feels sluggish. You do not want to go out and play. You do not want to have relations with your partner. You tend to feel uncomfortable with your body which makes you feel less sexy. It can put a strain on your relationship with your partner.
How To Take Garcinia Cambogia For Maximum Results
We all want the best for ourselves and our family. Who wants to settle for second best, right? Of course, nobody in their right mind would do just that. But what we do not know, most companies lure us with catchy advertising and promotion, but not really deliver quality products. These companies grow big as a business by downplaying the drawbacks of their products, and capitalize on flashy ads and high paying celebrities to endorse their goods and services.
When it comes to healthcare, it can be dangerous to compromise your health with just second best products. It can mean life and death to some. That is why investing in a product with a proven track record is the only way to go.
If you are planning on dropping some weight, Garcinia Cambogia is the only diet supplement that can guarantee you safe and real weight loss. Garcinia Cambogia pills are packed with hydroxycitric acid, (HCA), which is its main ingredient and is abundant in the rind of the Garcinia Cambogia fruit. HCA inhibits the enzyme ATP-citrate lyase from further converting and storing fats as future energy. Aside from being able to burn fats and prevent new fat storage, a person’s appetite is also strongly decreased because of the increased glycogen levels, which signals the brain that a person is already full.
Garcinia Cambogia also improves your mood by increasing the serotonin levels in the body. This happy hormone also has a positive effect on your eating habits, since happy people usually do not resort to eating to make themselves feel better.
If you are on your journey to weight loss, make it a positive and happy experience by relying on products that has a multitude of effects that can make your efforts worthwhile. Not all who go through some major body overhaul has to necessarily feel deprived and terrible. It is up to you to choose products to aid you on a smoother transition.
If you really want to look good, the first thing you have to assess is your looks. No matter how much we try to make ourselves believe that our physical appearance is not that important, and it is our personality and inner beauty that really matters, apparently not all of us are on the same page. There are still plenty who look for the superficial things in life, and glorify them. For some, it meddles with their confidence and makes them feel less worthy of another’s attention and affection. Check out even more at NIH.gov.
Thankfully, plenty of medical breakthroughs paved the way to the birth of certain wonder drugs. These products captured our interests with its amazing properties that drastically changed people’s lives. Of course, weight issues would always be dragged when it comes to looking good. You have to be at a particular size to fit in with the crowd, and the image of beauty set by society. So, there’s no more need to wallow over your insecurities and embrace all the changes your body will go through for your real beauty to blossom and shine.
Garcinia Cambogia, the holy grail of weight loss, is considered the best diet supplement there is. It is jam-packed with hydroxycitric acid, (HCA), which effectively burns fats and curbs your appetite.