Usn garcinia cambogia weight loss reviews
The meta-analysis reviewed results from 12 different trails involving GC and revealed a small, statistically significant difference in weight loss favoring use of garcinia cambogia products containing HCA slightly over use of a placebo.
Does Garcinia Cambogia Extract Work for Weight Loss?
Recently, Dr. Oz called Garcinia Cambogia (HCA) the “Holy Grail of Weight Loss”- you’d better believe that it is worth taking a look at!
Dr. Chen called Garcinia Cambogia Extract a “Dual Action Fat Buster” that suppresses appetite and prevents fat from being made.
Now that we’ve gotten your attention, let’s review what this product is, how it works, and why it might just be the weight loss cure you’ve been searching for.
The HCA supplement is actually extracted from the skin of the fruit, which is better known by the name tamarind. The tamarind has been around for centuries, and what it can do for weight loss has basically revolutionized how we think of losing pounds.
The fruit is from Indonesia, but it can also be found in Asia, Africa, and India. It is regularly used in Asian cooking, so you may have even had some tamarind in your food before without realizing it!
It is said to actually make your meals more filling, acting as an appetite suppressant and making you feel full much more quickly. In some cultures, they will add the garcinia gummi-gutta to soup which they eat before a meal to aid with weight loss, because they do not eat much at their meals because the fruit actually blocks their appetites. If it has been being used for many years, why are we just learning about this incredible supplement now!?
The use of HCA can help patients lose two to three times more weight than they would lose without taking the supplement. Overall, this can help users of the product to lose ten pounds or more, over and above what they would have lost without the use of the extract. You are not even required to increase your exercise rate or change your diet to reap the results of HCA.
So if you have a problem with the amount of weight you’ve been able to lose, or the ‘plateau’ feeling that most of us get after losing those first few pounds, Garcinia Cambogia may be right for you!
How The Garcinia Cambogia Diet Works
There are five primary reasons that doctors are calling this the Holy Grail for weight loss. First, it helps a person to manage their level of Cortisol, which is the hormone that results from stress within the body.
Second, it is an appetite reducer, meaning it helps you to not only control the amount of food that you eat, but also those pesky cravings that can throw us all off track.
The third reason is that it actually acts like a fat blocker, so that fat cells are not able to be formed within the body. Combine that with a lower appetite and you’re right on target!
Fourth, it naturally decreases the amount of belly fat that you carry on your body. For anyone trying to lose weight, that is the number one area that we have trouble with, so this is a huge added benefit.
Lastly, it helps those of us who are emotional about our eating habits. Are you one of the many people who eat when they are sad, lonely, or depressed? this weight loss product actually increases your Serotonin level, which helps to even out your moods. You will see a decrease in emotional eating because of it.
Most products simply don’t have as many benefits to the patient. We listed the big five benefits that in tandem, will result in weight loss. Many products out in the weight loss market only have one or two of those features. NOT FIVE! If there are more benefits in your favor, the bigger the chances are that you will lose weight.
Sixth, people who take this product also often see an increase in their lean muscle and a decrease in their level of fat. This is pretty incredible in combination with the five facts listed above.
What to Look for in Garcinia Cambogia Extract
Dr. Oz may have recommended the product on his show, but there are only certain levels of any product that would live up to his high standards. So don’t just buy the first version of the product that you are able to find on the internet and hope for the best. If you do that, you may very well end up with a product that doesn’t meet the doctor’s strict criteria, meaning it will be less effective. While Dr. Oz didn’t approve any one product specifically, you want to make sure the product that you pick falls within the appropriate standards.
There are four things you’ll want to look for in the product that you choose. First, make sure that the supplement is clearly marked as HCA, or Garcinia Cambogia and that it contains at least fifty percent hydroxycitric acid. Next, make sure that the product mentions that it has potassium and calcium in the supplement, which can really help maintain your metabolism level. You also want it to say that it doesn’t contain artificial ingredients (also called binders or fillers). Last, make sure it has a daily serving size of 1500 milligrams, otherwise you won’t be getting enough of the product to make an impact on your weight loss.
Follow the directions on the package, but also, take the product with an empty stomach approximately one hour before a meal.
I’ve written a longer article focused on Garcinia Cambogia research and clinical trials, but have included a summary right here for you: In a four week trial, 150 obese subjects saw a significant, dose-dependent decrease in weight, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, and an improvement in good cholesterol In an eight week trial, 40 subjects saw an increase in weight loss against the placebo group In a 12 week trial with a reduced calorie diet, the group lost nearly three times as much weight as the placebo group In a 4 week trial with a reduced calorie diet, 89 mildly overweight women saw an increase in weight loss against the placebo group, but noted no discernible change to appetite In an eight week trial with a low fat diet and at least 64oz water consumption per day, 54 overweight subjects lost an average of 11.2lb per person In an eight week trial with a low fat diet and moderate (three times per week) exercise, 60 obese subjects saw a greater weight loss and reduction of appetite than the placebo group In a 16 week trial with a low fat diet and moderate exercise, all 39 subjects saw a reduction in belly fat and gained none of it when given a placebo for four weeks Go to any medical site and they will be the first to say that the supplement and ingredients such as HCA need a ton more research.
This supplement is not safe for women who are pregnant or who are breastfeeding. If you have any serious medical problems, you should speak to your doctor before you begin a supplement like Garcinia Cambogia.
So instead of counting calories and making sure you get enough out of each minute of exercise per day, you can use this product as an assistant to your weight loss. Your confidence level will increase, and as you start losing a few pounds, you’ll be all the more likely to continue with your weight loss as you gain energy, increase your mood, and watch the pounds melt away.
You can buy the Garcinia Cambogia extract, or HCA, in most health food stores and all over the internet. Keep in mind that if you make no changes to your diet or exercise routine, you’ll probably see a weight loss of around four pounds per month. But if you are extra motivated to lose weight, use this as an opportunity to eat better, to start up a daily exercise routine, and enhance the natural properties of this amazing supplement to get the maximum benefit.
Famous doctors stated, “Instead of focusing on your weight, you can now focus on your dress size and waist size and the things we all care about. You’ll look better because you have more of that muscle mass because your energy is being used to build muscle instead of fat.”
Garcinia Cambogia Recap
- It acts as a Fat Blocker, which means fat cells will not be allowed to increase in size
- Appetite Suppressant and Controls Cravings
- Decrease in Belly Fat
- No Side Effects
- Supports Healthy Lipid Levels
- Emotional Eaters will see an increase in Serotonin which will Balance Moods
- Helps in managing Cortisol the Stress Hormone
When Buying Garcinia Cambogia Extract Supplement Use The Dr. Oz Buying Guide:
(Remember Dr. Oz does not recommend any specific brand)
- The name Garcinia Cambogia (HCA) is on the bottle
- It Contains at least 50% HCA (hydroxycitric acid)
- It Contains Potassium and Calcium (helps with metabolism)
- The Daily Serving Size is 1500mg – 3000mg
- There are No Fillers, Binders, or Artificial Ingredients
Health experts, doctors, and scientists have shown that you can lose weight with unparalleled Garcinia Cambogia after close studies of its ingredients and how it works. This is the most authoritative of the 7 studies done so far on Pure Garcinia Cambogia for weight loss:
Obviously, taking an Garcinia HCA supplement alone won’t help you shed those unwanted pounds. But in conjunction with a healthy diet and regular exercise, the studies seem promising. In fact, participants in a recent study who took an HCA supplement lost on avg. about four pounds per month! 🙂
Have you tried Garcinia Cambogia? What were your results? How do you feel about it? Share your thoughts with us!
How To Use Garcinia Cambogia And Apple Cider Vinegar For Weight Loss Review
If you’ve been on the hunt for a proven method to lose weight in a safe and effective way, then chances are you’ve seen one of those ads that are promoting the Dr Oz Garcinia Cambogia And Apple Cider Vinegar Craze.
It’s like you can visit any fitness blog without being bombarded with ads pointing to someone losing an exorbitant about of weight in a short period of time. For example, I came across an ad today that claims that a college girl lost over 37 pounds in one month without doing any dieting or exercise.
There’s even a fake article on some wannabe sites claiming to be CNN. Basically this (these sites) just rip off CNN’s logo and color and add it to their website claiming to be CNN. This is downright scammy and the unfortunate thing is that the average consumer wont be able to tell the difference.
I surely hope you haven’t fallen to the trap of the HYPE about: Cornell Student Cut 37 Pounds Using Apple Cider Vinegar and Garcinia Supplements?
Take a look at the screen shot below:
If you look closely at the website, you’ll notice that the web address has nothing to do with CNN. In fact, its nothing more than an article designed to get you to fork out your hard earned cash for some Garcinia Cambogia Free Trial Offers.
Which some times can be next to IMPOSSIBLE to cancel… Can you imagine signing up for a trial where you only pay shipping for $4.95 only to be billing a whopping $89 in 7 days?
Well, that’s exactly what most of these companies do and they make it very hard to cancel. Worse case scenario, you may have to just cancel your credit card which is not ideal.
STEP 2: CLEANSE PLUS(must-have) In order to get maximum effectiveness out of the Garcinia regimen- it is recommended that you incorporate this special colon cleanse supplement from CleansePlus.
Stock indications are not provided on the Web Site.
Especially when you have a lot of other monthly payments coming from that card.
So With That Being Said, Is There Any Truth To Using Garcinia Cambogia And Apple Cider Vinegar For Weight Loss?
Well, not everything is bad news.
You can indeed use Garcinia Cambogia And Apple Cider vinegar to help suppress your appetite, boost your metabolism and yes, you will lose weight.
The other GREAT news is that you can do so by purchasing products from companies that are honest and ethical and wont scam you of your cash. But before we get into where you can get your products (Garcinia Cambogia And Bragss Apple Cider Vinegar), let’s first see exactly how they work.
The Benefits Of Using Garcinia Cambogia And Apple Cider Vinegar Together
The first thing you need to understand about weight loss is that in order to lose weight and in particularly FAT, you must create a calorie deficit. This means you must burn more energy than you supply your body with on a daily basis.
In doing so, your body has to make up for its energy demands by burning stored fat. The problem however, is that MOST of us find it hard to create that calorie deficit needed for fat burn.
Because…. we EAT TOO MUCH.
However, by using the Garcinia Cambogia combined with Organic Apple Cider Vinegar that contains the “mother”, we can suppress our appetite naturally. This means that we’ll less likely to feel the urge to eat around the clock. In so doing, you are able to create the calorie deficit without trying.
How To Make Your Garcinia And Braggs Apple Cider Vinegar Recipe:
The following infographic will give you an overview of what you need to do:
If you follow the above weight loss recipe on a daily basis, you can expect to see tremendous results in a short period of time. Couple that with good eating habits and regular exercising and you are well on your way to getting the body of your dreams.
Garcinia Cambogia – Hydroxycitric Acid Extract For Weight Loss?
Up until October 28th, 2012, few people around the world knew about ‘garcinia cambogia' and would have lost first round of a national spelling bee if asked what it was. But thankfully there is always hope for tomorrow, and for garcinia, the future would get much brighter.
Remembering the day so clearly, being October 29, 2012 – when Doctor OZ's Garcinia Cambogia extract episode airing for no more than 6 minutes became a world-wide sensation and phenom in a matter of New-York marketing minutes – fast forward from Oct 28 to Oct 29 to 2017; this is our assembled garcinia story of facts, figures and semi-unfortunate fallacies surrounding the most popular diet pill, phrase and product ever created…
Origins Of Garcinia (Malabar Tamarind/Gummi-Gutta)
Garcinia Cambogia is one of the most controversial dietary nutrition supplements in the world today. Some people swear a pure extract of Garcinia Cambogia is an extremely effective weight loss tool and appetite suppressant – and others, not so much reporting negative side effects galore like dry mouth, dizziness, toxicity and stomach aches – but for us, no matter where on the scale of effectiveness and results, it was only the start of the surface level conversation as most of hard to swallow at face value heresay is based on a 5 to 6 minute video clip produced by Dr Oz TV Show (much like forskolin).
So what’s the real one-size-fits-all truth about Garcinia Cambogia HCA extract and its potential weight loss qualities? What does science have to say about this unique malabar tamarind tropical plant?
Today, we’re going to round up every updated 2016 and 2017 credible medical science resource we can find has to say about the facts vs fiction of garcinia cambogia extract for weight loss and natural appetite suppressant.
What is Garcinia Cambogia?
Although the term “Garcinia cambogia” is no longer used by the scientific community, it’s the primary term used by the nutritional supplement community. Other names for this fruit include brindleberry, Malabar tamarind, and kudam puli.
The Garcinia cambogia fruit itself looks like a small pumpkin. It typically features a greenish, pale yellow color and has wrinkled, grooved skin. In terms of size, it’s somewhere between an orange and grapefruit.
Today, Garcinia cambogia is grown for its fruit in tropical climates around the world, including Southeast Asia, south India, and west and central Africa. That fruit is used in cooking and is especially popular in curries.
History of Garcinia Cambogia
Garcinia cambogia is a relatively new trend in the dietary supplement community.
Even when there is scientific evidence of positive results, the results are often so mild and minimal that users are disappointed to learn they still have to exercise and control their eating in order to reap lasting and significant weight loss.
However, it’s been well-known in the traditional medicine community for quite some time.
For thousands of years, Garcinia cambogia remained relatively unknown. But in 2012, the trajectory of Garcinia cambogia changed forever when world-famous TV personality Dr. Oz claimed that Garcinia cambogia could be used for natural weight loss with “no diet or exercise” required.
Since 2012, a number of scientific reports have been published examining the effectiveness of Garcinia cambogia and its rumored health benefits.
The weight loss claims of Garcinia cambogia have faced a lot of criticism, and we’ll take a look at the rumored weight loss benefits of Garcinia cambogia below.
Health Benefits of Garcinia Cambogia
Those who support Garcinia cambogia claim that it has been linked to a number of powerful health benefits.
Now, there are two different types of health benefits of Garcinia cambogia.
However, many of the weight loss benefits of Garcinia cambogia are said to come from the rind of the fruit, which contains a compound called hydroxycitric acid (HCA).
Ultimately, the rumored health benefits of garcinia cambogia include:
- Weight Loss
- Appetite Suppression
- Reduced Risk Of Heart Disease And Better Cardiovascular Health
- Reduced Risk Of Diabetes
- Reduced Fat Buildup And Reduced Abdominal Fat
- Better Metabolism
- Reduced Risk Of Ulcers
- Healthier Digestion
These are the rumored health benefits of Garcinia cambogia. Below, we’ll see if any of those health benefits come with real scientific evidence.
Scientific Evidence for Garcinia Cambogia
Garcinia cambogia hasn’t been extensively studied. However, the studies on Garcinia cambogia that have been published have demonstrated mixed results. Instead of telling you whether or not Garcinia cambogia works, I’m going to summarize the scientific studies on Garcinia cambogia below:
In 1998, a study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. This study was published in response to a flurry of promising reports on HCA, the active ingredient in Garcinia cambogia.
Unfortunately for HCA supporters, the 1998 study showed that “Garcinia cambogia failed to produce significant weight loss and fat mass loss beyond that observed with placebo.” 1
The study took place over 12 weeks and involved a total of 135 subjects. Some of the subjects took HCA, while others took a placebo. By the end of the 12 week period, the HCA group had not exhibited a statistically significant difference in terms of percentage body fat loss or weight loss.
Some thought this would be the end of HCA as a dietary supplement. But other studies have offered conflicting results.
Criticisms Of This Study
One of the main criticisms of this study comes from Harry Preuss, a researcher at Georgetown University who claims that the JAMA study “used whatever the dose was at the time, and they never mentioned the type of citrate they used.” In other words, they may have been using the wrong HCA.
Additionally, others have criticized this study for its heavy use of dietary fiber. Dietary fiber is thought to interfere with HCA, which could have inhibited weight loss in the HCA group.
In 2003, Japanese researchers published a study in Fitoterapia. This study examined the effects of Garcinia cambogia extract on mice over a period of 4 weeks.
The research concluded by stating that treatment “was found to have no effect on body weight, fat pad weight, or serum glucose level.”
However, Garcinia cambogia was shown to have other physiological effects. Treated mice displayed lower levels of serum insulin and leptin, for example, as well as a lower ratio of leptin/WAT.
This led researchers to conclude that “G. cambogia extract efficiently improved glucose metabolism and displayed leptin-like activity.”
Dr. Preuss, the guy we just motioned above, decided to lead his own study on HCA. Dr. Preuss’s study involved 30 “healthy but overweight people” between the ages of 21 and 50. The study took place over an 8 week period. 2
Dr. Preuss and his team found some surprising results. All of the subjects were told to consume a diet of 2,000 calories per day and walked for half an hour five days per week.
One group was given Super CitriMax, a patented form of HCA bound with calcium and potassium. The other group was given a placebo.
By the end of the 8 week period, the placebo group had lost an average of 3 pounds. However, the HCA group had lost an average of 12 pounds – a 400% difference.
Additionally, the HCA group saw their BMI fall by an average of 6.3% compared to the placebo group’s average of 1.7%.
Another interesting effect of the study was that the HCA group saw their serotonin levels double compared to the placebo group.
several years ago — after appearing frequently in the media and on popular health-related TV shows — sales have gone up dramatically.
Additionally, the HCA group had a 16% reduction in the amount of food they ate per meal, compared to no change with the placebo group.
Like all good researchers, Dr. Preuss tried to replicate his results in a follow-up study. That follow-up study involved more subjects (60 people in total, double the original study) and came to similar conclusions.
In this study, the HCA group lost an average of 10.5 pounds compared to the placebo group, which lost an average of 3.5 pounds.
Once again, in this study, the placebo group had no change in appetite, but the HCA group reported a 16% reduction in the amount of food consumed per meal.
Dr. Preuss also has his name attached to a 2005 research report on Garcinia cambogia and hydroxycitric acid. This time, Dr. Preuss collaborated with five other doctors to discuss the powerful health benefits of HCA. 3
Specifically, researchers demonstrated that HCA was much more effective when bound to certain other compounds. Naturally, HCA is bound to calcium, which reduces its bioavailability. Calcium is found naturally in Garcinia cambogia. So if you were to just eat the rind of Garcinia cambogia fruit, you would be eating HCA bound to calcium.
But when HCA is bound to salt, it makes the compound water-soluble, increasing its bioavailability. This compound is called HCA-SX, also known by its trademarked name, Super CitriMax.
When taken in the form of HCA-SX, this compound was shown to “increase serotonin availability, reduce appetite, increase fat oxidation, improve blood lipid levels, reduce body weight, and modulate a number of obesity regulatory genes without affecting the mitochondrial and nuclear proteins required for normal biochemical and physiological functions.”
In other words, this report demonstrated HCA had all of the powerful weight loss benefits it was rumored to have – with no major side effects. You just had to bind the compound to salt.
We can make a few broad conclusions about Garcinia cambogia from the studies listed above.
— First, we can conclude that hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is the most active ingredient within Garcinia cambogia and the one most intimately connected with weight loss.
Yes, there are other ingredients in Garcinia cambogia, including calcium, phosphorus, iron, and thiamine, but none of these ingredients are available in high enough doses to compete with the benefits provided by HCA.
— Second, we can conclude that HCA is not very effective when taken on its own. HCA is naturally bound to the calcium within Garcinia cambogia. This reduces bioavailability by at least 50%. This is thought to be the reason why many early studies on HCA failed to produce significant weight loss results.
— Third, we can conclude that, based on at least three separate studies, HCA is most effective when bound with salt, creating HCA-SX. HCA-SX has been clinically shown to promote weight loss, better metabolism, and reduced appetite.
— Fourth, we can conclude that more research needs to be done on Garcinia cambogia before any of these benefits can be definitively proven true. The early evidence of favor of Garcinia cambogia is positive. In several studies, participants have lost a significant amount of weight while taking Garcinia cambogia extract while also experiencing powerful appetite suppression effects.
The good news is that the medical community is actively researching Garcinia cambogia. We should know more about this unique tropical plant in the near future.
Why Garcinia Cambogia Supplements Can Be Dangerous
Garcinia cambogia supplements can actually be dangerous. Today, there are hundreds of shady internet companies selling Garcinia cambogia extract online. The vast majority of these products are totally unregulated and have not been approved by any regulatory body in the world – like the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
One of the problems with the FDA is that it regulates foods and drugs. For some bizarre reason, the FDA has decided that “supplements” are neither foods nor drugs, so it chooses to ignore the supplement industry.
That’s why Americans can purchase virtually any supplement they want online. That’s also why buying supplements online can be so dangerous.
Garcinia cambogia supplements, in many cases, contain very little Garcinia cambogia. Instead, they contain trace amounts of G. cambogia extract along with high levels of caffeine and other filler ingredients.
Ultimately, pure Garcinia cambogia extract has demonstrated some surprising benefits in clinical testing. However, you need to be careful where you buy from and which manufacturers you work with.
It’s All About How You Take It
The information listed above isn’t designed to scare you away from Garcinia cambogia.
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It’s meant to educate you about one central concept:
The effectiveness of Garcinia cambogia depends entirely on how you take it.
In all of the successful clinical tests on Garcinia cambogia extract (HCA), participants were instructed to exercise and eat a healthy diet while restricting their caloric intake. Both the placebo groups and HCA groups in these studies lost weight, but the HCA groups consistently lost more weight and experienced powerful appetite suppression along with other health benefits.
This has led many to conclude that Garcinia cambogia is a powerful weight loss and appetite suppression tool, but it works especially well if you’re using Garcinia cambogia to complement an existing diet or exercise routine.
Will Garcinia cambogia help you lose weight without diet or exercise? Probably not.
But if you maintain a healthy diet and take the recommended dose of Garcinia cambogia per day, you may be able to lose more weight than someone who is eating the same diet and maintains the same exercise routine as you – at least according to current clinical studies.
How to Use Garcinia Cambogia
If you’re taking Garcinia cambogia for its weight loss benefits and appetite suppression effects, it’s recommended you find a Garcinia cambogia supplement with at least 50% hydroxycitric acid (HCA).
Typically, Garcinia cambogia comes in capsule form. When taking Garcinia cambogia capsules, you should take the capsules 30 to 60 minutes before each meal with a glass of water. The recommended dose is between 500mg to 1000mg, so you may need to take multiple capsules.
You should not eat or drink anything for 15 minutes after taking Garcinia cambogia in capsule form. This enhances bioavailability.
Repeat the above dose before every meal of the day.
You can also find Garcinia cambogia in liquid form. If you’re taking Garcinia cambogia as a liquid, you should place one serving under your tongue 10 minutes prior to eating a meal. Most Garcinia cambogia liquid supplements consider one serving to be 1ml, which works out to about 20 drops.
Just like with the capsule form, you should not eat or drink anything for 15 minutes after ingesting Garcinia cambogia in order to enhance bioavailability. You should also repeat the above dose before every meal of the day.
Garcinia Cambogia Side Effects
In clinical studies, Garcinia cambogia has proven to be a safe, well-tolerated oral supplement. Patients have exhibited no serious effects when taking Garcinia cambogia for up to 12 continuous weeks (which is the maximum length of studies performed so far).
Participants have reported some minor side effects from Garcinia cambogia, including nausea, digestive tract discomfort, and headaches.
If you’re experiencing painful side effects after ingesting Garcinia cambogia, then it’s probably not Garcinia cambogia that’s causing the problems. Instead, it’s the shady, low-quality pharmaceutical companies adding dangerous filler ingredients to their formulations.
Conclusion: Is Garcinia Cambogia Right for You?
Garcinia cambogia has an unfair reputation as a dietary supplement “scam”.
Unfortunately, that reputation comes from low-quality Garcinia cambogia extract manufacturers, many of which try to pass off dangerous caffeine-based formulations as some type of Garcinia cambogia extract.
In clinical settings, Garcinia cambogia has proven to be an effective weight loss and appetite suppression tool in at least three major studies. These studies relied on the active ingredient within Garcinia cambogia, hydroxycitric acid (HCA).
When you buy Garcinia cambogia extract supplements, pick a supplement with at least 50% HCA content. Buy from trusted manufacturers and trusted online sources.
Ultimately, the best Garcinia cambogia results have come from combining the supplement with diet and exercise.
Garcinia cambogia is not a miracle pill that will help you lose weight while eating pizza on the couch all day.
But when taken properly and intelligently, Garcinia cambogia and HCA can lead to some surprising weight loss results.
1. Heymsfield SB, et al. Garcinia cambogia (hydroxycitric acid) as a potential antiobesity agent: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 1998 Nov 11;280(18):1596-600.
2. Preuss HG, et al. Efficacy of a novel, natural extract of (-)-hydroxycitric acid (HCA-SX) and a combination of HCA-SX, niacin-bound chromium and Gymnema sylvestre extract in weight management in human volunteers: a pilot study. Nutrition Research. 2004 Jan; 24(1); 45-58
3. Preuss, HG, et al., Effects of a natural extract of (-)-hydroxycitric acid (CHA-SX) and a combination of HCA-SX plus niacin-bound chromium and Gymnema sylvestre extract on weight loss.